Home Improvement

Nan Inc. – Hawaii’s Construction King

You will come across only a few construction companies in Hawaii that have managed to reach the same pinnacle of success as that of Nan Inc. in a short period of time. Having its headquarters located in Honolulu, Hawaii, the company had very humble beginnings and was founded rather single-handedly by a man named Patrick Shin. A quick look will tell you that he was born Nan Chul Shin in South Korea and changed his name when he moved to the US. He founded the company back in 1990, so it has only been working in the industry for three decades.

In the world of construction, this is considered very young, especially when you see that they have taken on more than 3,000 projects during this time and have done a remarkable job with each one. Whether it is pre-construction, general construction, design-build or construction management, Nan Inc. has done a superior job in every area. Due to its commitment to excellence, the company was gradually able to climb the success ladder in the construction industry and is now on the list of the top ten firms operating in the state. All of this couldn’t have happened if Patrick Shin had given up.

He started his company with just one employee by his side and like every other business, there were a lot of hurdles that had to be overcome. Nan Inc. also struggled in the initial years, as they couldn’t get many projects. As a matter of fact, their first task was to install a road sign. But, Patrick Shin stayed motivated and was adamant to become a top name in the field of construction. Thanks to his unrelenting efforts, Nan Inc. has become a construction behemoth today and its workforce now comprises of almost 600 people, where they had only one in the beginning.

The team at Nan Inc. is capable and experienced and thanks to considerable resources, they are capable of handling multiple projects simultaneously. Their technical expertise and advanced construction knowledge has played a monumental role in helping others realize their dream. Nan Inc. has handled a number of projects and developments in Hawaii over the years that have contributed to the state’s future. They have worked in different industries and also been awarded various government projects. The official blog by Nan Inc. owner can shed some more light on all they have done and continue to do.

Doors & Windows

Add Comfort to Your Home with UPVC Windows

Modern windows are more than just an aesthetic feature. They help to keep your home insulated and safe from the elements. With updated materials and construction methods, your windows can be an incredibly durable part of your home. Gone are the days when you must worry about high electric bills, and broken windows.Besides windows, a big role on cutting your monthly electricity bills are the rates of the actual energy provider you are subscribed to. Companies like New Power Texas are offering electricity rates and plans for your home with price-protected fixed rates, which provide security against runaway energy bills. With UPVC windows and doors, you can even guard against theft. The comfort of your home can easily be raised with these reinforced windows and frames.

Lowers Your Energy Bill

UPVC windows can help to keep your home insulated from outdoor temperature changes. You can choose from single or double glazing. Double glazing gives you the most protection. When you choose to use your air conditioning or heat, you will find that you do not have to run it as much, as the cold or heat stays in. Most people find that they do not need to use these utilities as much, however, due to the excellent insulation. There are some great vendors that offer the best UPVC windows in Dudley.

Enjoy a Quiet Home

Many people grow accustomed to the noise of a busy neighbourhood or city. They do not realise how much rest they have sacrificed to noise until they have windows that keep the sound out. Again, the double-glazing option is best for optimal noise reduction. You can relax without worry of noise from many things.

  • Children playing outside
  • Traffic
  • Machinery

UPVC windows can help you keep your home more comfortable and save you significant amounts of money. Their durability can also make it harder for people to break in. Your windows are harder to break, keeping people out and resisting things such as kid’s toy balls. A lowered risk of breakage is great for homes with kids and pets. Enhance your home with UPVC windows for an unforgettable experience.



Home Improvement

Lava stone sink is the best choice for the environment

Consider the impact of the bathroom remodelling on the environment. All the debris may seem irrelevant, nonetheless, if you multiply it by millions of remodels every year it adds up to quite a terrifying number.

We have no doubts that people who own our sinks are generally happier people. Those happy customers invite nature to their interiors and they don’t look back, really. It does not matter whether the water enters the rock or leaves it, together these forces of nature work in a perfect harmony!

Apart from personal preferences, it is also known that natural stone sinks are more eco-friendly than common ceramic sinks. Nature will be happy to accept the natural stone back, but it will not be happy to receive a ceramic sink that is hard to recycle. For over 15 years, every year we deliver dozens of rock sinks and bathtub to individual interior design projects, private homes and distributor networks on almost all continents.

Stone Sink:

Do natural stone sinks have any flaws? Some of them certainly do, but if they happen to be unaesthetic it is the duty of our team and Quality Control personel to reject such a sink and give it back to the nature. Our brand relies on only the best quality natural stone items which, believe it or not, is a very rare procedure! Lux4home™ was once called a very efficient filter that only delivers stone sinks and bathtubs that are first quality.
The stone used to produce these sinks is basalt, hence why they are sometimes referred to as lava stone vessel sinks. It is generally more reliable than granite sinks as basalt is often considered as more solid rock.

River Stone Countertop Basins are produced by us from a single river rock boulder – just like our stone bathtubs Flumen, a classic rock tub. The outside is left untouched, while the inside is meticulously polished to provide a wonderful user’s experience.

Over 15 years of experience in Natural Stone Sink industry has made our team the experts on the subject. There are no mysteries for us in the technical aspect of these products. We never let our customers down – regardless if you need a single piece or a full container. Get in touch with us and let us find a great piece of stone sink or bathtub together. Join hundreds of satisified customers of ours and benefit from easy maintenance but spectacular looking river rock sinks.

Home Improvement

Things To Think About When Decorating Your Home With Fabric Sofa

Are you searching for a great way to make the living room more attractive and stylish? One of the best methods is using the fabric sofa that allows users to select different patterns, colours, and styles for your home.

The fabric sofa is preferred in most homes because it is easy to care and can last for a long time. In addition, the reclaimed sofas are cheap, and any person can afford them to make them more appealing. The following are the main things to think about when decorating a home with reclaimed fabric sofa.

The anticipated theme using a reclaimed sofa

When decorating home decor plans, the themes are largely defined by the main items in the house. These are furniture such as the sofa and wall art. Therefore, you should carefully think about the theme you want to bring out in the house before starting to decorate it.

For example, a homeowner who wants to bring out a nature-inspired theme can opt for the matching colours and patterns. You can also bring out the theme using nature-inspired covers wall art and lighting.

To make it easier to bring out the theme, start thinking about it before purchasing the sofa. Consider going for the sofa that makes it easy to bring out multiple themes without necessarily replacing with.

The available space for the reclaimed sofa

The thrill you can bring out with a reclaimed sofa is tied to the available space. To make the living space more appealing, it is advisable to buy a fabric sofa based on the available space.

If space is limited, consider going for a sleek fabric sofa that will easily fit without compromising the focus on style.  A good example is the Viscount William sofa that can be used in the main living room, hallway, or the balcony.

When checking the available space, it is important to note that the sofa will require other items for the room décor to look complete. For example, you will need to leave ample space for the table and stand lamps.

 Expected traffic and nature of the reclaimed sofa usersThe nature of the traffic expected to use the fabric sofa is very crucial when selecting the design and materials. If you are in most of the cases alone and only a few visitors come, you can go for the light-weight sofa covers.

However, people who expect heavy traffic or those with kids should go for the high-density fabric sofas. It is also important to invest in high-quality covers to help to protect the fabric.

Note that no matter the nature of the expected traffic and the selected material, the allure of the sofa will depend on how is maintained. For example, you should form a habit of clearing dirt as immediately it falls on the sofa. You should also change the sitting positions regularly when sitting on the sofa.

Other décor items and designs used together with the reclaimed sofa

To bring out the interior décor more effectively, it is important to look at the entire house holistically as opposed to the sofa’s viewpoint only. Even if the sofa is very impressive, the targeted décor outlook will not work when other items are poorly selected.

The area rugs, the reclaimed sofa, wall art and lighting should articulately rhyme with the selected theme. The sofa and the wall art can be used to define the theme while other items such as the plants, lighting and mirrors help to anchor it.

Though the fabric sofa can be used to bring out multiple themes, it is important to be extra creative especially when you want the house to look different. Make sure to always enrich your views on interior décor by visiting new places and talking to décor experts.

Home Improvement

Top Signs Your Home Needs Repairs

Home repairs are one of the top expenditures homeowners will face.  From the occasional leaking roof to cracked tiles or dented wood floors: repairing your home is vital to ensure it doesn’t lose a lot of property value or suddenly become an uncomfortable place to live.

Repairs can also help ensure that you don’t have to deal with larger issues later. For example, a clogged gutter can lead to roof damage, and a poorly repaired dishwasher can lead to inner-wall flooding.  Here are the top signs that your home needs some help as soon as possible.

Hearing Weird Sounds In Home

When you’re in bed at night, do you hear chirps or squeaks coming from your attic?  When someone flushes the toilet, does it sound alarmingly loud or like it’s gurgling?  Both of these can cause issues and damage down the line, so it’s important to know what they are and what you should do.

Any squeaking, thumping, or scratching from your attic should make you immediately call animal services.  In this case, where you hear squeaking that’s almost mechanical sounding at night, it could be bats.  Birds don’t usually chirp before dawn, and there shouldn’t be anything mechanical in your attic that makes that sound.  Bats can cause issues like mold, rot, and bug issues.  Get this looked into immediately.

Ceiling Leaks or Stains

If your ceiling has any drip or stains are starting up: you have to get that repaired immediately.  There’s no way to tell, without going into your attic or looking at your roof, how bad your damage is just based on the water trickling through.  You may have a flooded-out loft, or you could have a large hole in your attic that’s hidden by the shape of your roof.

A small leak or stain can build up into something that ruins your home.  Although it’s a symptom of something wrong with your roof, it can also be a warning of ruin to the interior of your home.  Wood rot in your attic can be expensive to fix, and if it tears holes in your ceiling or rots your insulation, you’ll have to repair and replace all of these as well.

Occasionally Smelling Burning, Lights Dimming or Flickering

Electrical issues have to be taken seriously.  A slight mishap can cause problems so bad that an entire home burns down; you can’t afford to overlook them. So instead, pay attention to warning signs your home is giving you.

Lights flickering, going out, or dimming when they’re not supposed to can be large warnings about your electrical system. Unfortunately, an inspection might not notice this while you’re looking at Baton Rouge houses for sale, so it’s important to know what to look out for.

If your home has sudden issues and you’re unsure if they’re electrical or not, you have to talk to a professional.

A small electrical issue can cause house fires, damage electronics, and cause problems with the electricity bills you pay every month.  Be wary of these issues and attempt to get them checked out as soon as possible.

Home Improvement

Furniture Assembly – Common Problems & the Best Ways to Resolve Them

If you’ve just gotten yourself a flat-packed piece of furniture, you might be dreading the daunting process of putting everything together. Companies like IKEA are not only infamous for their minimal design, and packaging, but also, how hard it is to put their furniture together! Even if you’ve been getting IKEA furniture for a long time, chances are you still have a tough time trying to assemble it all without losing your mind! That’s about to change! In this post, we’re going to be going over 5 of the most common problems people have while assembling furniture and the best ways you can resolve them!

Common Furniture Assembly Problems & the Best Ways to Resolve Them

Below are the most common problems people face while assembling furniture, and how you can make sure you don’t face them!

  1. Damaged Pieces

    One of the most annoying things to face when you’re assembling furniture is when you take everything out of the box, and something is damaged. This can be a minor set of scratches or an entire chunk being damaged. This is because most furniture companies that use flat packaging, don’t use any foam or bubble wrap to cushion the furniture inside. If your furniture is damaged out of the box, chances are, it’s not in shape to be assembled.

    An easy fix to this situation is to avoid it in the first place. Make sure that all of your boxes are intact, smooth, and damage-free before you leave the store. This will minimize the chances of the pieces being damaged and make the assembly a lot smoother!

  2. Missing Pieces

    Another very common problem when assembling furniture is when you’re assembling everything and find that that one essential piece is missing. Most of the time when this happens, you’re already halfway through the assembly and don’t know what to do. Taking the furniture apart is difficult and will ruin the pieces, and you can’t assemble the furniture without the piece.

    A way you can avoid this problem is by laying out all of your furniture before assembling Lay out everything and make sure you have everything before you start. This way, if you’re missing something as small as a nail, you can get a replacement, or if it’s something bigger, return the package without the rest of the pieces being destroyed!

  3. Pieces that look the same

    This also happens far too often. People try to tell pieces apart but they all just look like the same white rectangle, over and over again! This might leave you in a place where you’re just stuck and don’t know what to do!

    You can avoid this by putting all the matching pieces together from the get-go. Label them with sticky notes making it easy to tell them apart and don’t let them mix until you’re all done!

  4. Wrong assembly

    Since most DIY assembly furniture is a bunch of geometric shapes with holes, you might accidentally assemble it the opposite way of where it’s supposed to go. Taking it apart isn’t a viable option, so you might find yourself giving up at this point, which most people do.

    This can be avoided by carefully studying the instructions repeatedly. They might be annoying to read, but they’re there for a reason!

  5. Confusion

    It’s also possible that you encounter all of these problems all at once. Together they can be very confusing to deal with and you might wonder why you even tried in the first place.

    Avoid this state by getting a Handyman in NYC or a handyman in your local area to assemble everything for you! It’ll be quick, easy, and convenient and nothing will go wrong. You’ll have your furniture all properly assembled and ready in no time!

Home Improvement

Home Security Tips to Make Sure Your Pets and Children Stay Safe

According to the FBI in 2018 alone, at least 1.2 million burglaries took place in the US. Burglaries increase every day and they’ve always been a risk, but when you’re a parent of children and pets, not having a secure house can be dangerous in more ways than one. Not only would an unsecured house be vulnerable to an intruder, but a child or pet could also potentially escape the house when you aren’t looking. No matter how well you think you watch your kids (both human and four-legged) it’s always best to go the extra mile and secure your home perfectly to protect them! We are going to be going over 5 ways, you can do, just that.

5 Home Security Tips For People With Pets and Children

  1. Switch out the locks when you move in

Even if the landlord or the previous owners of your home tell you that they’ve given you all the keys, you can’t really be sure. People get spares made all the time to hand over to cleaning people, friends, family members, dog sitters, etc. No matter how trustworthy someone seems, it’s important that you get the locks changed so only you have the keys to your home. This is something extremely important and shouldn’t be done as a DIY job. It’s fairly easy to find a good locksmith. For example, if you’re in the Chicago area, just google “Locksmith Chicago” and call over the one with the highest rating. You could also ask in the area to see if your community has a preferred locksmith and go for them! Either way, change the locks before you’ve moved in to ensure no one else has access to your home.

  1. Keep the doors locked at all times

Many people who have a yard or just go in and out of the house throughout the day tend to leave their doors unlocked because it just seems like an unnecessary hassle to keep locking and unlocking the doors. Plus, the common thought is that “broad daylight is safe”, but it isn’t. Anyone can enter your home in the daytime too! Also, if you have multiple entries to the home, any children or pets can accidentally get out too. Keeping the doors locked keeps the danger at bay!

  1. Get motion lights

The intruders that prefer to attack at night do so because they get to hide in the darkness. Even if you have a few regular lights outside of your home, it can be pretty easy to avoid them if someone wants to. Getting motion lights are a great idea because you will be able to pick up any movement around your home. Be it an intruder or a super silent pet escape. This way you will be able to act fast before things take a turn for the worst.

  1. Slide proof the sliding doors and windows

Children learn things very quickly, and now, pets are adapting to the way of human living too. It doesn’t take either of them very long to just slide those smooth sliding doors and windows open and escape the house. The worst part is that these are usually super silent too, so chances are that you won’t even hear the door slide and by the time you realize it’s open, your child or pet is already gone from the home or an intruder has already made their way in. An easy fix is to slide proof them by using rods or a piece of wood in the tracks to keep them from opening unless you want them to open.

  1. Get a smart home security system installed

Along with everything else we have already mentioned, it’s important to have some sort of a smart home security system installed in your home. It could be something as simple as a doorbell camera or elaborate enough to cover the entire home. For parents, having cameras inside the home might be a great idea because you can keep an eye on the entire home directly from your phone. This would work whether you’re at home or not! Making sure that nothing goes past you!

Securing your home, especially when you have children and pets in the house is essential. From our tips, you will be able to get an idea about how taking a few simple steps can make a world of a difference when it comes to home security. These 5 things will make sure no one unauthorized gets their foot in, or out of your home without your permission, and your home will be a lot safer to live in, for you and your family!

Home Improvement

How To Find The Best Moving Company In Australia

If the final moving day gives you mixed feelings of excitement mixed with anxiety, imagine it to shoot up if you made a mistake in choosing decent furniture removalists-Adelaide, Sydney, Melbourne, or supposedly any city.

Customers, understandably, place a high value on a dependable company with extensive market expertise. An experienced removalist would have an abundance of skills and expertise to ensure a seamless transition.

Moving home or workplace necessitates meticulous preparation, and only a qualified removalist can ensure a smooth transition. Learn more at Delco Removalist!

What Qualities To Look For In A Good Removalist Company?

When it comes to choosing the appropriate furniture removalists in Adelaide, or any other Australian city, it becomes of utmost importance to not lose the regard of certain parameters like these:

Hassle-Free Service

Many moving firms aren’t concerned about being competent in their work; what they want to do is transfer the belongings as quickly as possible so they can move on to the next job.

This is not the case for experienced movers, such as the furniture removalists in Adelaide. They will carefully cover your belongings during the transfer to prevent any injury, and they will hire as many movers as possible to ensure a smooth and safe transition.

Helpful Suggestions

When relocating, you would like to make sure you employ the best moving firm possible to make the process go as smoothly as possible. The easiest way to go about it is to make sure you have a lot of good advice before you start.

If no one has something positive to say about their offerings, likely, they aren’t all that great.

Relevant Experience

It is preferable to hire a moving firm that has been in operation for a significant amount of time. Moving companies like furniture removalists Adelaide know what to do and what not to do, they understand the legal framework, and they know how to best represent you.


When looking for a moving business, one of the most critical things to look for is dependability. A reliable business will not leave you waiting and wondering.

Instead, trustworthy movers such as furniture removalists Adelaide will provide you with outstanding customer service, timely delivery of your valuables, and the utmost respect for your belongings.

Good Functioning Equipment

You don’t need to add to the hassle of relocating by recruiting movers who don’t have the necessary tools. To stop this, search for movers like furniture removalists Adelaide, that have high-quality equipment and ample room to ship your valuables safely.

How Would You Find the Best Moving Company In Australia?

It is undoubtedly a lengthy process to find the perfect moving company for your relocation. Follow the below instructions to ensure a smooth process for the same.

Removals Insurance

A decent moving agent like furniture removalists Adelaide would be able to provide you with adequate liability coverage on your property. When it comes to movers, it is often advised that coverage is on the table, so they can issue policies themselves or have approved third-party partners who can issue transit insurance.

Some of the items you’ll be transporting are likely to be important or sentimental. Purchasing the appropriate cover on these things would provide you with peace of mind and shield you in the case of an injury.

While all successful removals firms will do everything possible to keep your things secure, it is an unavoidable fact that incidents do happen, so it is wise to be safe and inquire your potential removalist about their insurance plans.

When you intend to pack your belongings and valuables, check to see if your insurance coverage protects them and if it doesn’t, talk to your consultant to figure out what this entails for you.

Consider Feedbacks and Recommendations From Authentic Sources

In this case, you should get advice from relatives, co-workers, and local real estate brokers. You should use a phone book to find the contact information for local businesses. This will assist you in determining an approximate estimation of the rate.

 Never take someone’s guesstimate that has no experience in transferring businesses into consideration. Also, any website that offers the service of ‘finding you a mover’ should be avoided.

To stop any scams associated with those websites, it is preferable to find a moving business like furniture removals Adelaide. Do not use any household goods brokerage services to locate a moving business because they are not legally permitted.

These corporations’ primary aim is to gain a commission, and they are unconcerned with the level of service they provide. They will make many too many promises, most of which will be ridiculous.

The easiest way to spot commission-hungry moving firms is to inquire about the details of the moving business. Family and colleagues who have recently relocated their belongings are the strongest sources of referrals. Online reviews on reputable forums and blogs are the next best choice.

Additional Features And Support

Although some businesses provide simple services such as packing and transportation, many also provide a wide range of services such as package provision, packing equipment, and unpacking.

Credible movers like furniture removalists Adelaide will also provide these extra items in their products or charge you a reasonable price for them.

A company’s ability to evolve and deliver an all-encompassing experience to consumers is measured by its ability to provide offerings above the basic. Which further speaks favorably of their business insight based on past consumer encounters.

Many prominent removalists also provide extra relocation facilities such as packing, unpacking, laundry, pet transportation, storage, and more.

Present Everything To The Evaluator When He Visits Your House

For a more accurate estimation, show the furniture removalists of Adelaide transfer or any other city transfer everything, including the basement, garden, attic, and closets. If the foreman discovers considerably more material than was estimated previously, he will question the initial calculation.

They can’t make you spend extra, but they can’t transfer the product at the same price. Before the transfer, the mover should be mindful of any difficult circumstances, such as stairs or the distance between the curb and the nearest entrance.

 Now that the estimator is at your house, you can quickly gather as many details as possible. Determine how long the firm has been in operation and how trustworthy it is.

Examine The Cost Calculation

The approximate contract, which serves as your order for service and bill of lading, is signed by you and a representative from the moving firm. The mover is known to have given the basic records, such as an inventory list for the items.

 You must carefully examine the words written in the binding estimate, as well as the date and representative signature. If you’re traveling over state lines, make sure to provide an estimation of the amount of merchandise you’ll be transporting.

The distance to your location, where your goods will be picked up and shipped, as well as any extra costs, must all be specified.

 If you wish your mover to provide you with extra cover, you should be aware of the costs and specifics of that service. If you’re going inside the state, you don’t get a binding estimate, so you do have a written estimate.

The estimates are given by furniture removalists of Adelaide, or any city in Australia includes hourly rates and any extra fees. If you have any questions about the forecast, you should contact the firm for clarification.

Relocating is a stressful and time-consuming process. Avoid any further anxiety by investing your time and money in efficient moving companies, like furniture removalists Adelaide.


What Can a Tree Surgeon Do for You?

Trees can really tie together the appearance of a property. For some people, trees can even be the centrepiece of the property, especially during the summer and autumn seasons. With that being said, there are times when the trees will need a little bit of extra care. These are times when you are going to need to contact an expert who knows how to care for sickly or damaged trees to come out and ensure your trees are growing as they should.

How Do They Work with Trees?

When you first begin to look for a tree surgeon in Woodford Green to help you with your trees, you might begin to wonder how they can help you out and what they can offer. Most will offer the following services:

  • Felling sickly and damaged trees
  • Pruning, shaping, and handling the crown of healthy trees
  • Removing stumps of fallen trees
  • Deadwooding, pollarding, and topping out trees
  • Other aesthetic work for the appearance of the branches and leaves

When Should You Contact One?

If you aren’t well-versed in the health of trees, you may not know when the best time to contact a tree surgeon is going to be. Generally, if a tree is not looking as healthy as it typically does, if it has been damaged in a storm, and if the tree looks as if it could topple over at any moment, you should contact a tree surgeon. Even if you aren’t sure of what you should do with your trees, getting in touch with a tree surgeon can help you get a good sense of how healthy your trees are so that when the time comes, you will know what to do with them.

Maintenance & Repair

What are tabs and what are their types?

Lifting and transporting some loads often requires the use of special hooks. This type of equipment allows for appropriate distribution of attachment points, which greatly facilitates the transport, especially of large-size loads. There are many types of hooks (or slings) available on the market. The following article provides a brief overview of the types of these types of accessories, their uses, and some tips for selecting a hook. We invite you to read!

Types of slings and their characteristics

What are tabs and what are their types? The hooks are equipment that constitutes additional equipment of lifting devices (including cranes, cranes, gantry and gantry cranes. Their task is to suspend or support the transported load in several points. The hooks are used primarily on construction sites, but also in industry.

There are many divisions of this type of equipment. The most popular of them is the classification in terms of the material of the tendons. From this point of view, the following slings are distinguished:

  • chain slings – they are characterized by very high resistance to difficult working conditions (mainly mechanical damage),
  • linear slings – they are the most frequently used group of fasteners in industry. This group includes crimped and braided slings.
  • webbing slings – they are made of straps made of polyester material. They are characterized by high durability.
  • hose slings – made of materials that do not cause mechanical damage to the surfaces of the loads being carried.

In addition, there is another popular classification of lugs. On its basis, one-leg, two-leg, three-leg and four-leg catches are distinguished. In addition, the described accessories can also be divided according to the method of fastening the transported load to them. These are, among others, slings: grab, hook, jaw, self-clamping or fork.

What is the best way to choose the right hooks?

The selection of the appropriate fasteners is extremely important as it determines the efficient transport of loads and, above all, the safety of employees. The purchase of this type of products must also be considered in terms of their future applications, as different types of hooks are suitable for the transport of different goods. Some hooks are also better suited to strictly defined conditions. It is worth taking this aspect into account, because the appropriate selection of this equipment will ensure its long and trouble-free operation.

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